Using Active Machine Learning for Chemical Engineering ResearchUsing Active Machine Learning for Chemical Engineering Research
Chemical engineering researchers have a powerful new tool at their disposal: active machine learning.
October 6, 2023
In a recent perspective article published in Engineering, a Ghent University (Belgium) research team lead by Kevin M. Van Geem explores the potential of active machine learning (AML) in revolutionizing the field of chemical engineering.
By combining machine learning with the design of experiments, active machine learning promises to enhance the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of research, spanning all length scales of chemical engineering.
AML algorithms offer greater flexibility and superior performance compared to traditional design of experiment algorithms. However, despite their potential, the applications of active machine learning in chemical engineering are still limited. The article identifies three key challenges hindering its widespread adoption: convincing experimental researchers, ensuring flexibility in data creation, and enhancing the robustness of active machine learning algorithms.
The survey conducted by Van Geem’s team highlights the broad spectrum of AML applications in chemical engineering. Nevertheless, the article emphasizes the need to popularize active machine learning among experimental researchers and overcome the existing barriers. To address these challenges, the article proposes collaborative efforts between machine learning experts and chemical engineers.
The collaboration would not only raise awareness about AML but also facilitate the customization and optimization of algorithms based on specific experimental units and procedures. Overcoming the barrier of suboptimal initial experimental selection, the integration of transfer learning and active learning with multi-fidelity models is suggested.
The article aslo emphasizes the importance of adapting general AML algorithms to meet the constraints of different setups, thereby extending the application domain of active machine learning.
Three types of thresholds for the breakthrough of active machine learning (AML).
AML has the potential to revolutionize various aspects of chemical engineering research, from molecule and catalyst design to reaction and reactor design. However, to unlock its full potential, it is crucial to bridge the gap between machine learning experts and chemical engineers. By doing so, not only can active machine learning algorithms be fine-tuned, but also the performance of these algorithms can be improved.
The article concludes by highlighting the significance of harmonizing synthesizability and creativity in active machine learning. Promising breakthroughs in this field will enable chemical engineers to leverage AML as an essential tool, facilitating autonomous and efficient scientific discoveries. Ultimately, this will contribute to a more sustainable chemical industry in the future.
“As active machine learning continues to mature, the future looks bright for chemical engineers. Increasing automation and the development of more efficient algorithms will pave the way for novel discoveries and advancements in the field. With better collaboration and wider adoption, active machine learning is poised to become a trusted asset in the chemical engineer’s toolkit,: said Nan Zhang, editor of the subject of chemical, metallurgical, and materials engineering of Engineering.
Engineering is an international open-access journal that was launched by the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE) in 2015.
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