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Rupture Discs: An Important Safety Device

March 4, 2020
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Fig. 1: KUB - invented by REMBE, used worldwide in several industries with an operating ratio of 98%
Fig. 1: KUB - invented by REMBE, used worldwide in several industries with an operating ratio of 98%
Fig. 2: KUB - IG holder uses a metal-on-metal seal, which allows the rupture disc to be reinstalled after inspection.
Fig. 2: KUB - IG holder uses a metal-on-metal seal, which allows the rupture disc to be reinstalled after inspection.

Rupture discs are probably the most misunderstood and least appreciated safety device used in systems where pressure or vacuum are present and where excess pressures or vacuum may need to be controlled and relieved when conditions exceed safe design parameters.

The first discs were simple flat pieces of metal, weakened to open at a supposedly fixed pressure, sometimes with little accuracy or predictability. Over the years, the technology employed in controlling pressures in oil, gas, petrochemical, and other downstream industry processes developed and improved reaching high levels of safety. Mostly through the use of electronics and pneumatics, these technologies maintain a safe working pressure regime in the various plants. 

In addition, the forward development of safety valves further enhanced plant safety levels to a point where many process and plant design personnel lost sight of the most important safety device in the plant:  the rupture disc.

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Today operators and end users have been lulled into a false sense of security that the design engineers and system process/instrumentation designers have covered all the possibilities with sophisticated control and monitoring systems. “Nothing can go wrong, so why do we need a rupture disc?” 

There are many reasons why we need rupture discs:

• Rupture discs have extremely fast opening times--typically < 2ms-- and thereby respond to sudden pressure rises far faster than any valve.
• Rupture discs provide full bore opening, unlike safety valves where the orifice restricts the flow.
• Rupture discs provide 100% isolation of process fluids, so there are no leaks until the disc opens.
• Rupture discs isolate safety valves from corrosive process media when installed upstream of the safety valve. Rupture discs can also be used downstream to protect the outlet.
• Rupture discs prevent rogue emissions blockage of the safety valve and can be used to pop test the safety valve in-situ.

The same false thinking and lack of understanding of rupture discs has, over many years, led to the mistaken conclusion that rupture discs are a problem because they open and then have to be changed. The whole point of a properly designed rupture disc is that it will only open when the design pressure and temperature are reached or exceeded.

A rupture disc with its companion holder are your most important safety device, as long as it has been specified correctly in the design stage. It is failsafe, so, regardless of whatever else goes wrong, a properly designed and engineered disc opens at its set pressure. Electronics, pneumatic, and mechanical devices can fail, human error can cause operational errors in the pressure system, but a rupture disc still opens, and is the best protection device for your plant.

REMBE has invested in technological advances in rupture disc design and manufacturing, using laser technology and advanced engineering, to produce reliable, cost-effective rupture discs.  The company’s in-house R&D continues to focus on design advancement to push engineered rupture discs and associated technologies to new levels of precision and safety. 

REMBE Inc., Charlotte, NC 704-716-7022 www.rembe.us

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REMBE INC.