Ferrotitanium granules are fed from the yellow hopper to the stainless-steel Vibroscreen classifier, which uses successively finer horizontal screens to separate the metal into the desired size fractions.
Ferrotitanium, an additive used in steel alloys, makes steel more ductile. It enables the formation of thinner-body panels for automobiles and appliances such as washers, dryers, and refrigerators. As a result, the metal has played a significant role in reducing the weight of vehicles, thereby enhancing their fuel efficiency. However, ferrotitanium is an abrasive material that can ruin the process equipment that is used to manufacture it.
Global Titanium Inc., one of the world’s top 10 manufacturers of ferrotitanium, makes ferrotitanium in granular form for shipment to steel producers. However, the product was literally tearing holes in the screen separator used to classify the granules by size. The problem was solved by installing a new stainless-steel separator from Kason Corp. (Millburn, NJ).
Global Titanium buys titanium scrap around the world and blends it with iron to make ferrotitanium. The materials are charged in an induction furnace, and then a reaction takes place to form ferrotitanium at an average temperature of about 2650°F. Finally, the metal is poured into molds to form approximately 5-ft × 5-ft × 6-in. ingots that weigh 1900 to 2000 lb each.
Being extremely brittle, ferrotitanium starts to shatter as it cools, explains Adam Perry, Global’s assistant operations manager. “We put the metal through two jaw crushers, then send it to the separator for classification to 8, 10, or 12 mesh, depending on what the customer wants.”
The Kason machine, a Vibroscreen classifier, is a circular unit that can accommodate up to five horizontal screens. Material is fed to the top screen, which separates the coarsest particles. Then progressively finer material is removed by the lower screens. The entire assembly is vibrated by a high-torque 2.5-hp gyratory motor that is located below the housing and supported by rugged springs that allow the machine to vibrate freely without transmitting vibration to the plant floor.
The granules slide down a chute onto the separator’s coarse top screen. Smaller granules pass through the screen while larger ones migrate to the periphery and are removed through the port at left foreground.
Global’s classifier is made entirely of stainless steel and has two 60-in.-diam screens that separate oversized material for recycling to the crushers. Oversized particles migrate to the periphery of the machine and are discharged from a porthole into a chute. Finer material falls through the screen onto a deflector plate that directs it to the middle of the next screen. The desired product is recovered from the bottom of the unit.
The classifier replaced an old separator that operated in a similar manner but had mild-steel sidewalls that were torn by the ferrotitanium. “We had to repair the machine about once a month,” says Perry. By comparison, the stainless-steel Kason separator has been on-line since the spring of 2004 and has shown no signs of wear.
View of the top of the separator and the feed chute from a different angle. The port through which large ferrotitanium particles are removed is at the upper left.
Perry notes that the 60-in.-diam Kason machine also meets the company’s production needs, which had outgrown the capacity of the old 48-in.-diam unit. The newer separator processes 1200 to 1500 lb/hr of material, which is filled into 3000-lb bags for shipment to Midwestern steel mills. A standard shipment weighs 45,000 lb. The base of the machine rests on a stand about 2 ft off the floor, enabling bags to be filled. The product comes down the chute into the bag, which is then set on a scale. The plant typically runs two and sometimes three shifts.
Screens are changed regularly to match customer needs. For smaller particles below 8 mesh, Global uses a heavier backup screen with a larger mesh to support the fine screen. “This allows us to add more weight and increase capacity without damaging the fine screen,” says Perry.
Global uses an identical Vibroscreen separator for screening sponge titanium, which the company receives from customers and vendors as mixed scrap that ranges from fines to rock-like chunks. This material is passed across a magnetic drum to remove ferrous metal and then crushed to the customer’s requirement, which may range from 10 to 60 mesh. Fines are mixed with other materials in the furnace and made into briquettes.
For more information, contact Kason Corp. at 973-467-8140 or e-mail at [email protected]. Visit the Web site at www.kason.com.